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Contribution of organic farming to marine environmental protection

Contribution of organic farming to marine environmental protection
Authors: Paulsen HM, Volkgenannt U, Schnug E
In: Landbauforschung Völkenrode
Volume: 52 Issue: 4
Pages: 211-218
Published: 2002


Baltic Sea; marine environmental protection; pollution; organic farming; nutrient loads; pesticides; legislation

The main differences between organic and conventional farming systems are significant restrictions for the use of fertilisers and pesticides on organic farms. Additionally, import of fertilisers, fodder, manure, pharmaceuticals, cleansing agents and stocking densities are limited. Thus it can be concluded that organic farming has a high potential to contribute to marine environmental protection and is in accordance to the HELCOM annex III on “prevention of pollution from agriculture”.
The literature survey shows that today’s organic farming rate is not very important for the reduction of nutrient and pesticide loads into the drainage basin of the Baltic Sea. But considering the geographic distribution of the arable land in the countries forming the drainage basin and its conversion rates to organic farming it is obvious that the best efficiency to reduce effluxes can be expected when organic farming is legally regulated in countries with high input of fertilisers and pesticides and in countries covering large areas of special drainage basins, respectively.

The paper presents on the basis of a literature survey that nutrient loads into the Baltic Sea can be reduced by promoting the concept of organic farming in this area.


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