Manure Handling Techniques on Case- Study Farms in Baltic Sea Region
This report presents an overview of manure handling techniques currently in practice on large-scale animal production farms in the BSR. The entire manure handling chain was examined on study farms in Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden, from feeding to crops.
Considerable variation exists in manure handling chains among large-scale livestock farms in the BSR. Large differences were found in amounts of manure produced per livestock unit for similar animals, possibly due to water management by the farmers.
In many cases, relatively simple technologies or management practices could improve the use of nutrient resources in manure. This could be extra storage capacity, covers for storage facilities, or immediate incorporation into soil at spreading. Appropriate application rates and timing is also important to achieve high nutrient uptake by plants. Cost was the greatest barrier to the adoption of optimal manure handling and it is imperative to reduce this barrier and ensure cost-effectiveness.
This report on Manure Handling Techniques was prepared as part of work package 3 on Innovative Technologies for Manure Handling in the project Baltic Manure.
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